Sexual Health

Anova is a strong advocate for positive sexual health and teaching people how to have a healthy sex life.

Highly skilled in sexual health, we support the Department of Health (DoH) in implementing adolescent youth friendly services at the clinics in our regions, especially when it comes to contraception, as well as promoting positive sexual health in Key Populations.


It is important for the youth to feel comfortable and safe when they access their closest public clinic, especially when it pertains to their sexual health. We are working closely with the Department to improve on youth friendly-services in the clinics by working with the clinic staff to be sensitive to the needs of the youth and provide them with services in an understanding, supportive and non-judgmental way. Together with other partners, Anova is implementing activities aimed at adolescent girls and young women, under the DREAMS project (Determined Resilient Empowered AIDS-Free Mentored and SAFE). The project aims to empower adolescent girls and young women (AGYW) about HIV, sexual reproductive health and rights, and gender based violence (including Intimate partner violence).

We train nurses on family planning, education to AGYW on sexual reproductive health and contraceptives, to promote dual contraception in AGYW (use of condoms and other forms of contraception) to prevent unintended pregnancies, STIs and HIV.

Key Populations

Anova is supporting access to competent health services for Key Populations, specifically men who have sex with men (MSM), transgender people and people who inject drugs, promoting a sex-positive attitude among healthcare workers. We do this by training and mentoring clinical and non-clinical staff to deliver competent services; and by social mobilisation through our outreach activities and communication resources.

Anova’s Health4Men Initiative is one of the first projects on the continent to draw considerable attention to and address the sexual health needs of MSM in the context of HIV. We have trained over 3 000 health workers in the public sector to provide prejudice-free competent services to MSM. Nurses and doctors at over 260 clinics, across all provinces, have been mentored by our highly skilled team to ensure that MSM receive excellent treatment and care regarding their sexual health, including HIV-related services.

Sexual health is the ability to embrace and enjoy our sexuality. It is an important part of our physical and emotional health.

Being sexually healthy means:

  • Understanding that sexuality is a natural part of life and involves more than sexual behaviour
  • Recognising and respecting the sexual rights we all share
  • Having access to sexual health information, education, and care
  • Making an effort to prevent unintended pregnancies and STIs and seek care and treatment when needed
  • Being able to experience sexual pleasure, satisfaction, and intimacy when desired
  • Being able to communicate about sexual health with others including sexual partners and healthcare providers

Sexual health requires a positive and respectful approach to sexuality and sexual relationships, as well as the possibility of having pleasurable and safe sexual experiences, free of coercion, discrimination and violence. For sexual health to be attained and maintained, the sexual rights of all persons must be respected, protected and fulfilled.”
(WHO, 2006a)

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